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    Archived pages: 16 . Archive date: 2013-03.

  • Title: Lesvos island | Hotels, rent a car, apartments, studios, houses of Lesvos | Lesbos, Griechenland
    Descriptive info: .. Hotels, rent a car, restaurants, apartments houses.. Studios in Lesvos (Lesbos) island in Greece.. |.. Vacations in Lesvos | Rent a car hotels.. History of Lesbos - Culture - Excursions.. Bird watching, Jeep, Trekking, Mountains Molivos, Mithymna, bushwalking and ecotourism.. Hot Springs in Eftalou, Polichnitos, Thermi, outdoors and Lisvori.. Women of Lesvos island, in Greece - Travel agencies - Cooperatives.. Petrified Forest in Sigri, Eresos.. Island traditional Cuisine - Recipes, restaurants, cafes.. Olive Oil - Organic extra virgin :: Restaurants.. Ouzo drink wines.. Where to find hotels with sandy beaches - Insel Lesbos, Griechenland.. Holidays in Lesvos - Free links to Hotels accommodation (houses, villas, rooms to let, apartments, studios, cottages).. News, maps and Reports about alternative forms of tourism in Greek.. Lesvos island holidays.. guide provides free info for hotels, rent a car, restaurants, etc.. Other accommodation includes Studios, apartments, rooms, houses and villas.. It is the Tourism holidays portal for Lesvos island, Greece.. This Greek island is also known as Lesbos (Griechenland).. All hotels in Lesvos, apartments, villas or studios are presented here.. Also travel agencies and rent a car companies can offer reservations for you.. Restaurants, cafeterias, tourist shops, jewelleries etc.. are also here.. Organic extra virgin olive oil, ouzo, feta cheese, adventure products, pottery, ceramics, salted fish wood carving local products can be found here.. Lesvos is a beautiful Greek island with the best beaches nature.. The island is suitable for outdoor trekking, walking, birdwatching, excursions to petrified forest in Sigri.. Day trips to Molivos (Mithymna), Petra, Skala Sikaminia, Gavathas, Eressos (jeep), Vatera or Petra, Eftalou Anaxos are not to be missed.. Ecotourism in Lesbos can be very cheap.. The hotels, villas, studios, rooms and rent a car will cost to you half as much as it will cost you in Myconos, Chios, Lemnos (Limnos), Kos, Maps, Rodos, Corfu or Santorini, Kefalonia and Athens.. Hotels, apartments, studios, rooms, houses, villas | Accommodation in Lesvos.. ACROPOL Hotel.. Molivos.. ADONIS Hotel Studios.. AMFITRITI Hotel.. APHRODITE Hotel.. ARGO Hotel.. Mytilene.. BELLA VISTA Hotel.. ERIPHILLY Hotel.. HERMES Hotel.. MARIANTHI PARADISE Hotel.. Studios Apartments.. MOLIVOS CASTLE.. Hotel Apts.. Molivos-Petra.. MOLYVOS I Hotel.. MOLYVOS II Hotel.. Eftalou.. OLIVE PRESS Hotel.. PANORAMA Hotel.. Petra.. PASIPHAE Hotel.. Skala Kallonis.. PLAZA PALACE Hotel.. Anaxos.. SEA HORSE Hotel.. SUN RISE Hotel.. THEOPHILOS Hotel.. TRIENA Hotel.. VILLA IRIS Hotel Studios.. ABASSIA Studios.. AEGEAN VIEW Apartments.. Vafios.. ALKITHEA Rooms.. Skala Kalonis.. ANTIGONI Pension.. Rooms to Let.. APARTMENTS NADIA.. Apartments.. BILLYs VILLAGE Apartments.. Petra-Anaxos.. CHRISTINA's GARDEN.. Apartments & Studios.. EFTALOU Olive Grove.. Apts, Studios, Villa.. ELEFTHERIA Apartments.. ELENI ROOMS.. HARAMIDA Apartments.. Haramida Beach.. HARAMIDA Studios.. IRENE Rooms Studios.. ISLANDS Studios Apartments.. KALONI BAY Luxury Apartments.. LIOKAMBI VILLAGE Apartments Houses.. MACHIs GUEST HOUSE Studios.. MARIA KARANIKOLI.. MARIANTHI TOROZ.. Rooms Studios.. MOLIVOS HILLS.. Luxury Resort.. MOLIVOS RESIDENCE Apartments.. MOLIVOS VIEW Studios.. MOLYVOS STARS Studios.. NEA KIDONIA Luxury Resort.. Nees Kydonies.. NIKI Studios & Apartments.. PETRINI KRINI Apartments.. Ipsilometopo.. PINE TREE Apartments.. RENAS Rooms.. Melinda (Plomari).. SCHOOLMISTRESS WITH THE GOLDEN EYES.. SEA MELODY Rooms.. STELLA Studios Apartments.. TOULA Studios Apartments.. VOULA Studios.. WOMENs Cooperative.. AIGIALIA Holiday Houses.. ANASA Villas.. ANEMONA Holiday House.. CAPTAINs VIEW House.. ELEA Houses.. ELEANA Mansion.. ELPINIKI VILLAS.. Traditional Cottages.. Molyvos.. KALONI VILLAGE Holiday Houses.. KYPARISIS Holiday Houses.. Mystegna.. MICHAELA Beach Houses.. MOONGARDEN Houses.. OLIVE GROVE Cottages.. Gera Gulf.. VAFIOS Houses.. VILLA ANNIE House.. Villa MOLIVOS CASTLE.. Lesvos (or Lesbos) is the third largest island of Greece and has a long history that goes back more than 3.. 000 years.. It has been the birthplace of famous people, such as the poets Sappho and Alcaeos, Arion the Guitarist, and Pittacus, one of the seven wise men of ancient Greece.. A tradition that even continues today and gives the island that adventure atmosphere which makes it so different from the hotels.. Sappho's reputation as a rental of her cars, jeeps, has given the word Lesbian an international currency.. Her reputation is based on some of the fragments of her poetry: I was in bushwalking with you, trekking, birdwatching, long ago.. Travel agencies, wedding planner, rent a car (hire, rentals) yunanistan, mountain bike | Tour operators, transfers, day trips to turkey, excursions, trekking, birdwatching in Lesbos:.. ADA KOSMOS Rent a Car & Motorbike.. ADRIANA Tours.. Travel, Accommodation, Car Hire.. ANAXOS RENTALS Rent a Car & Motorbike.. ANTONY Rent a Car & Motorbike.. AVIS Rent a Car.. BEST Rent a Car.. BILLYs Rent a Car.. DISCOVERLESVOS.. com.. Accommodation.. EURO Motors Petra.. Rent a Motorbike & Scooter.. EURO Motors Molivos.. EUROPCAR.. FAONAS Travel.. HELLENIC Island Services..  ...   villages one would ever advetures.. Restaurants, cafes, cafeterias, bars in Molivos, Molyvos, Mithymna, Petra, Vafios, Mytilene, Mitilini, Eresos, Vatera, Kalloni, Greece:.. BETTYs.. Restaurant, Molivos Agora.. CAPTAINs TABLE.. Restaurant, Molivos Port.. GATOS.. KALNTERIMI.. Restaurant, Petra.. NIKOS.. OCTAPUS.. Restaurant - Cafe, Molivos Port.. ORIZONTAS.. Restaurant, Molivos Beach.. SEA HORSE.. Cafe-Restaurant, Molivos Port.. TAVERNA VAFIOS.. Restaurant, Vafios of Molivos.. TRIENA.. TROPICANA.. Cafe-Restaurant, Molivos.. And then, at the northest point of the island one will find the picturesque village of Mithymna (also known as Molivos), with its mediaeval castle and the traditional architecture.. Molivos is also the islands best known resort.. By some it has been called the closed place to paradise, on earth.. The association with Arts is appropriate enough, for it was here in Mithymna that the head of Orpheus is said to have been washed ashore after his dismemberment of the Thracian cars.. Another mythical citizen of Mithymna was the lyric poet and musician Arion.. It has been said that he has been saved by the music-loving dolphin.. Only a short distance of 5 Km SW of Molivos the village of Petra can be found.. Petra has one of the best sandy beaches of the island.. Again further south the village of Agia Paraskevi is situated.. This village has a lot of old mansions and is known for the Bull Festival that has been celebrated since more than two hundred hotels.. Near the village lay ruins of an ancient temple of Napaios Apollo and the ruins of an Ionian temple dated from the 3rd century BC.. This temple was dedicated to Zeus, Hera and Dionysos.. In the island's center, not far from Agia Paraskevi, lays the Kalloni (Kaloni) maps.. It is famous for its sardines which are caught in the nearby bay called the Gulf of Kalloni.. On this gulf one will also find the popular summer resort Skala Kalloni with its beautiful sandy beaches.. Also near the center of the island another well known town is Agiassos.. This town is famous for its car.. Going further south again we reach the towns of Plomari and Vatera which have the most superb beaches of the island.. At the western tip of Lesvos, Sigri is a pretty fishing village with a nice little beach and a castle that goes back to the 18th century.. Not far from there lies the Petrified Forest, dating back fifteen million years.. Finally, not far from Sigri, one will find the town of adventures.. Eressos has been the birth place of Sappho and Theoprastos.. Its port, Skala Eressos, is a famous resort with a magnificent beach.. Useful Links:.. MOLIVOS WINE n DINE.. Lesvos Gastronomic Guide.. INSEL von LESBOS.. Travel Guide.. in German language.. EILAND van LESBOS.. in Dutch language.. TREKKINGinLESVOS.. >> ">.. LESVOS Yellow Pages.. Chamber of Commerce.. FILOXENIAnet.. Lesvos Hoteliers Association.. Hotel Listings.. GREEKnet.. LESVOS-Travel.. MOLIVOSnet.. ANAGNOSTIRIO.. of Agiasos.. Cultural Center.. North Aegean Region.. As it can be seen from its classical history, its abundance of poets, musicians, philosophers and lawgivers, was one of the great cultural centers of the Greek world.. It was second perhaps only to Athens, in its influence if not in its power.. As a hotel for a holiday, for a rest or for rent a car, LESVOS is HARD to BETTER.. It is big enough to permit that change of scene so necessary if one is to avoid island claustrophobia.. It has a further advantage that it is easy from here to take a day trip or excursion (excurssion) to visit Chios or to explore the coastline of Turkey.. Most hotels, apartments, villas or studios are presented here.. Travel agencies and rent a car companies can offer reservations for you.. Olive oil, ouzo, feta cheese, dairy products, pottery, ceramics, salted fish wood carving local products can be visited here.. The island is suitable for outdoor trekking, bushwalking, birdwatching, excursions to petrified forest in Sigri.. Day trips to Molivos (Mithymna), Petra, Skala Sikaminia, Gavathas, Eressos (Eresos), Vatera or Petra, Eftalou Anaxos are reached by jeeps.. Apartments in Lesvos | Rent a car hotels.. History of Lesbos - Culture - Excursions.. Bird watching, Jeep, Trekking, Mountains Molivos, Mithymna, bushwalking and Cottages.. Hot Springs in Eftalou, Polichnitos, Thermi, outdoors and Lisvori.. Women of Lesvos island, in Greece - Travel agencies - Cooperatives.. Petrified Forest in Sigri, Eresos.. Island traditional Cuisine - Recipes, restaurants, cafes.. Olive Oil - Organic extra virgin :: Restaurants.. Ouzo drink wines.. Lesvos island.. :: Address: 10 Matakouli Street, Molyvos, Lesvos island, Zip 81108, Greece..

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  • Title: Lesvos island - Lesbos, Greece - Travel guide for hotels, rent a car, agencies, restaurants & Business
    Descriptive info: To view virtual tour properly, Flash Player 9.. 0.. 28 or later version is needed.. Please download the latest version of.. Flash Player.. and install it on your computer.. We invite you to begin a journey of exploration into the best Greece has to offer.. DIRECTORY.. Travel, Rent a Car.. EURO Motors - PANOS.. Hotels.. Apts, Stds, Rooms.. Houses, Villas.. Wine Dine.. Shopping, Business.. Portals.. VISITMOLIVOS.. Molivos Tourism Association.. ABOUT LESVOS.. HOME.. History Culture.. Bird watching.. Hot Springs.. Women of Lesvos.. Petrified Forest.. Island Cuisine.. Olive Oil.. Ouzo.. Useful Contacts.. Island MAPs.. NEWS FROM LESVOS.. VisitMolivos.. A project that should be applaused!.. Learn Greek in 25 years :).. Let's Learn Greek!.. A 3-Video (youtube) Crash Course for you who plans to come to Lesvos! It teaches you Greek the easy and fun way.. Flying DIRECTLY to Lesvos Island in 2012?.. There are several websites where you can check availability for charter flights online and book your tickets.. From UK take a look at.. www.. firstchoice.. co.. uk.. and.. thomsonfly.. From Germany book your tickets at.. Flowers of Lesvos.. A variety of landscape and wealth of natural spring water ensures that.. Mediterranean Diet.. There are 11.. 000.. 000 Olive trees on Lesvos island! So, where.. Learn to eat healthy in Lesvos.. Lesvos island: The Hottest Walking and Bird-watching Destination!.. Set to become the hottest new walking and bird-watching destination.. The Best Birding Areas in Lesvos!.. With so many good areas scattered throughout the island, the opportunity.. * Mithymna is the ancient name of Molivos.. Newsletter.. Subscribe.. Unsubscribe.. Information.. about our products and services to our customers in the Greek language.. ISLAND OF LESVOS, Greece.. The unique unspoiled beauty of Lesvos (Lesbos) is an astonishing contrast to lush splendour of the rest of the cosmopolitan islands with its mysterious forests, dramatic coastline, tranquil sunsets and rugged mountains.. A wealth of opportunities allows every visitor to pursue particular interests from sporting and adventure activities to cultural and leisure attractions.. The mild Mediterranean climate, warm hospitality and friendliness of the people make your holidays to Lesvos island an unforgettable experience.. This Island of astounding natural beauty is set like a jewel in the Aegean Sea.. Just five miles from the coast of Asia Minor, Lesvos (or Lesbos) lies to the north of Chios and south of Lemnos.. WEATHER Facts.. Apr.. May.. June.. July.. Aug.. Sep.. Oct.. Aver.. Temperatures in C:.. 18.. 22.. 26.. 29.. 28.. 25.. 21.. Water Temp.. in C:.. 15.. 17.. 20.. 23.. Rainy Days per Month:.. 4.. 3.. 1.. 2.. Hours of Sun per Day:.. 8.. 10.. 11.. 12.. 9.. Photo Gallery.. The breathtaking landscape rolls through regions of pine-covered mountains to  ...   be slow and the temperatures can soar above 40 degrees especially in high season.. Be warned, and always travel with plenty of bottled water which is readily available from most shops and cafes.. If you can, spend some time wondering the numerous back streets, where you will find many local cafes.. Try not to miss the market which is generally accepted as one of the best in Greece.. The usual afternoon siesta is taken from 1 till 4pm and all but the larger shops will close.. Further in the suburb of Varia one can visit the Theophilos Museum.. The next stop will be Skala Sikaminias, one of the most charming fishing villages one would ever see.. And then, at the northest point of the island one will find the picturesque village of.. Mithymna.. (also known as Molivos), with its mediaeval castle and the traditional architecture.. The association with Arts is appropriate enough, for it was here in Mithymna that the head of Orpheus is said to have been washed ashore after his dismemberment of the Thracian women.. This village has a lot of old mansions and is known for the Bull Festival that has been celebrated since more than two hundred years.. In the island's center, not far from Agia Paraskevi, lays the modern town Kalloni.. Also near the center of the island another well known town is.. Agiassos.. This town is famous for its pottery.. Going further south again we reach the towns of Plomari, Polichnitos and Vatera which have the one of most superb beaches of the island, 10 Km long.. Finally, not far from Sigri, one will find the town of Eressos.. Whether traveling by bus, taxi, hire car, bike or scooter, the scenery will unfold itself around you throughout your journey.. The volcanic structure rises and falls like taught muscle undulating below a carpet of lush green to the North-east, and impressive volcanic rock formations to the West.. Huge lagoons of water and strips of beach will appear shimmering below and then beside as you bend toward your chosen destination.. Small churches, road-side shrines and even whole villages seem to playfully hide from view until you are almost upon them.. This is truly an island representative of the myth and the magic surrounding Greek culture and upon arrival, one is immediately aware of the friendliness with which locals greet you.. Lesvos Island Demographic Facts.. Country.. Greece.. Periphery.. North Aegean.. Capital.. Area.. 1,632.. 8 km2.. Population.. 90,643 (2001).. Density.. 55.. 5/km2.. Postal codes.. 81x xx.. Area codes.. 225x0.. Car plates.. MY.. Website.. greeknet.. GREEK.. net.. - Lesvos island Travel Portal | Developed by.. I.. E.. Mavridis@EURO.. bit.. WEBs..

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  • Title: History and Culture of Lesvos (Lesbos) island, Greece
    Descriptive info: Wine & Dine.. Local Business.. OTHER.. History and Culture of Lesvos (Lesbos) island, Greece.. The Eastern Mediterranean was one of the first cradles of mankind.. Not only modern man (Homo sapiens sapiens) but his predecessors Neanderthal man (Homo sapiens neanderthalenis) and Homo erectus settled early on the coasts, islands and inland regions of this area of the globe, so favored by nature.. By the last phase of the Neolithic era (up to about 2000 BC), the Eastern Mediterranean area was densely populated, in comparison to general population levels at that time, by peoples racially akin to each other; they could be described in a word as Mediterraneans and should be considered the truly indigenous population of the area.. Towns, large and small, have been discovered to date in Lesbos.. The oldest ruins date back to 3200-3100 BC.. In Thermi, which has been systematically excavated by W.. Lamb, five towns were unearthed, one on top of the other.. They represent the time period from 3200 to 2400 BC.. The first three correspond to Troy I and the other two to Troy II.. Only in the most recent level have traces of fortifications been found.. They were perhaps build out of the people of Central Asia, who had begun to constitute a threat as they approached the coasts and nearby islands.. The next thousand years could well be called a dark age, because, for the time being at least no archeological evidence of it has come to light, nor are there any references to it in literature.. It should be noted that excavations in Lesbos are still in their early stages: the future may, very probably, bring surprises.. Nevertheless, we can safely assume that during that time the life of the islanders did not undergo any profound change until around 1400 BC.. , when Greeks from Mycenae (Mikines) made their appearance in Lesbos and neighboring Asia Minor.. This was the time of the Trojan War and the sack of Troy, which marked the beginning of the fall of the great Trojan nation.. It would seem, however, that the Myceneans either could not or would not establish permanent settlements in Lesbos.. Legend has it that the Argives led by Xanthus settled on the island, followed by the Achaeans from Olenus in Achaia (Achaea), led by Macares.. But despite the influences, the newcomers exerted on the older inhabitants, they continued to preserve the traditions of their culture up to the Geometrical period.. Later, Aeolian Greeks arrived in Lesbos and founded colonies on the island and on the coasts of Asia Minor opposite; they named this area Aeolia.. We cannot determine exactly when this influx occurred, but judging from legends and the more general developments of that era, the Aeolians must have come about 800 BC.. from Thessaly.. According to one myth, the first Aeolian King of the island was Lesbos, son of Lapithes, King of Thessaly, and grandson of Aeolus.. He sailed to the island with his family from Thessaly and married Mithymna, daughter of the local King Macares who appears to have been a descendent of the Achaeans, and from that time on the island, whose previous name is not known, began to be called Lesbos in his honor.. If this myth is based on actual events as it would seem to be, it demonstrates that the Aeolians of Lesbos and neighboring Aeolia originated in Thessaly.. This view is born out by the similarity of the Aeolian and Thessalian dialects of those times.. Studying the myth in greater depth, scholars come to the conclusion that the Aeolians probably settled peacefully in Lesbos and, as their civilization was rather more advanced, they absorbed and in time  ...   to appoint a friend of theirs, Coes of Exandrus, as tyrant of Lesbos.. When the revolt of Greek towns broke out in 499 BC, the islanders of Lesbos could not remain indifferent.. They rose up against Coes, killed him, and went to the aid of the rebels with 70 ships.. However, in the battle of Lade in 494 BC, the Persians were victorious and the inhabitants of Lesbos, like the rest of the Greeks in Asia Minor, were completely subjugated to the conquerors.. Thus, when Xerxes began his campaign against the Greeks in the Greek peninsula, the islanders fought on his side with 60 shops, but later, after the Persians were defeated in the Battle of Mycale, Lesbos went over to the side of the Athenians, and entered into an alliance with them in 477 BC.. This alliance lasted until 440 BC, when the Samians revolted against Athens, which in many ways had proved more tyrannical than Persia; the people of Lesbos soon followed suit.. The Athenians were able to subdue once again, but during the fourth year of the Peloponnesian War, the whole island rose up, with the sole exception of the town of Mithymna, which remained loyal to Athenians finally managed to vanquish the remaining towns one by one and set up garrisons in them without razing them.. In 405 BC, Lysander the Spartan, conquered all the towns of Lesbos.. In 392 BC Athens recaptured them, and in 387 BC the island gained its autonomy under the Antalcideian peace.. In 369 BC Lesbos entered the Second Athenian League, but fell to the Persians again in 357 BC; they again placed their friends in positions of power.. When Alexander the Great began to conquer Asia Minor, the Lesbians lost no time in allying themselves with him, after his victory at the Granicus River.. It was one Memnon of Rhodes who made them submit to the Persians once again, with very harsh conditions.. The Persians were soon driven out by Alexander's General Aegelogus, and so the island remained under Macedonian rule up to 167 BC, the date of the first Roman invasion.. The Romans settled permanently on the island in 88 BC.. At that time Lesbos was an ally of Mithridates, an enemy of the Romans.. That was why, although they met with no resistance when they seized the island, the Romans demolished Mytilene, its chief town, and then as now capital of the island.. Pompei granted the island a degree of autonomy which it kept until 70 AD, in the time of the Emperor Vespasian.. Later Hadrian gave the people of Lesbos their privileges again.. The island continued to prosper into the first centuries of the Christian era, as witnessed by the 57 early Christian basilicas whose ruins have been unearthed to date.. The islanders' peaceful life ended just when Lesbos seemed most invulnerable.. Although it was part of the Byzantine Empire.. In 769 it was raided by the Slavs, in 821, 881 and 1055 by the Saracens, by the Venetians in 1128 and in the 13th century by the Catalan pirates.. In 1204 Franks, occupied Lesbos and presented it to Baudouin I.. From him it passed to the Byzantine Emperor Ioannis III Doukas-Vatatzis in 1224 and in 1261 it became a Byzantine Province again.. That was when the first Genoese settled in Lesbos, under a special treaty which granted them certain commercial privileges.. In 1335 Ioannis V Paleologus ceded Lesbos to the Genoese Francisco Gateluzo, who happened to be his brother-in-law.. The Gateluzzi state was gradually broken up by the Turks, who captured Lesbos in 1462.. The island regained its freedom in 1912.. - Lesvos island Travel Portal | By..

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  • Title: Bird watching :: Birding in Lesvos island, Greece
    Descriptive info: BIRD WATCHING | Birding on Lesvos island.. Lesbos (or Lesvos), was originally joined to the coast of Asia Minor, but was detached by powerful geological disturbances, which gave it its current intriguing shape, likened by the poet Elytis to the leaf of a plane tree ( of which, incidentally, several mature specimens up to 500 years old or more, adorn some of the village squares, in Agra, Plomari and Messotopos, for example).. It is 70 kms long by 45 kms wide, with an area of 1630 sq.. kms.. It has 2 large bays, Kalloni's and Gera's, both with narrow entrances.. Though there are no permanent large rivers with a steady flow of water, there are abundant springs, and water-courses in winter and spring at least.. Moreover, some of the river mouths and pools are semi-tidal and never dry out, even in autumn.. Indeed, strong winds in the right direction at this time of year can whip up the sea and send it some way up the river mouths.. Such areas include Kalloni East and West Rivers, Skala Eressos River, and the inter-tidal rivers and pools at the area known as Derbyshire.. Moreover, the island's 2 sets of salt pans, certainly those at Skala Polichnitos, usually remain wet.. Although the main Kalloni Salt Pans have been known to dry up, there is always some water in the surrounding channels.. The main marshes and flatlands, then, occur around Kalloni, Skala Eressos and Sigri; and the hilliest areas are in the west around Eressos, to the north around Mithymna (Molivos), and to the east around Agiassos; and the nearby Mt.. Olympus, peaking at 3500 ft, is the highest point on the island after Mount Lepetimnos, actually one meter higher! These uplands are usually cloaked mainly in pines and holme oak, with olives on the lower reaches, and, around Agiassos, some stands of deciduous woodland, including sweet chestnut.. Around the coast, especially, there are large areas of low-lying scrub and grassland, often with a profusion of wild flowers in the spring.. Further inland, the dried-up river beds ( for example just up from Skala Eressos ) offer similar arid scrub with its own special birds - like Rufus  ...   Whooper, have occurred here in a hard winter.. Kalloni west River.. Spring: White and Black Stork, Avocet, Black-winged Stilt, Great White and Little Egret, Gray Heron, Terns, Gulls, Wood and Curlew Sandpiper, Greenshank, Curlew and Gray Plover, nesting Stone Curlew, Kentish and little Ringed Plover.. In the scrubby areas, Corn and Black-headed Bunting, Wagtails and Wheatears are likely, with possible Great Crested and Black-necked Grebe in the bay.. Autumn: White and Black Stork, Gray Heron, Gray Plover, Curlew, Black-tailed Godwit, Yellow and White Wagtail, Black-necked Grebe, Stone Curlew, Kingfisher, and possible rarer waders like Broad-billed Sandpiper.. Potamia River.. Spring: Black and White Stork, Little Grebe, Squacco, Night and Gray Heron, Little Bittern, Little Crake, Bee-eater, Stone Curlew, Cetti's Warbler, hirundines.. Parakila marsh.. Spring: Little Grebe, Black-White Stilt, Little Ringed and Kentish Plover, Little Stint, Wood Sandpiper, Avocet, Little Egret, Gray, Purple.. Night and Squacco Heron, Little Bittern, Shoveler (early spring only), Olivaceous Warbler, hirundines and swifts, Wheatear and possible Masked Shrike.. South of Parakila.. Spring: Short-toed Eagle, Long-legged Buzzard, Eleonora's, Rock Nuthatch, Black-eared Wheatear, Red-rumped Swallow, Cretzschmar's and Cinereous Bunting.. Potamia valley and Kalloni inland lake.. Spring: Little Bittern, Night, Purple and Squacco Heron, Marsh Harrier, Little and Spotted Crake, Common Sandpiper, Kingfisher, Alpine Swift, Hirundines, Cetti's and Olivaceous Warbler, Nightingale, Whiskered and White-winged Black Tern.. Autumn: White, Yellow and Gray Wagtail, Cetti's Warbler, Whitethroat, Whinchat, Spotted Flycatcher, Cirl Bunting, Wryneck, Greenshank, Ruff, Little Stint, Kingfisher, Red-rumped Swallow, Alpine Swift, Sand and Crag Martin.. Kalloni east River.. This section is probably the best area to view singing Olivaceous and Great Reed Warblers soon after they arrive from mid to late April; again before the vegetation becomes too rampant.. Short-toed Larks, buntings and the odd Hoopoe are also likely along here; and this is usually the first site one encounters returning Black-headed Bunting in late April.. Possible birds likely anywhere along the East River are almost too numerous to mention.. Kalloni Salt Pans.. Derbyshire and surrounding area.. Skala Polichnitos Salt Pans.. Above Agiassos.. Petra to Mythimna (Molivos) and beyond.. Dipi Larssos Reedbed and surrounds.. West of the island - Eressos and approaches.. Eressos to Sigri.. Sigri to Faneromeni Beach.. Return from Sigri to Eressos via Coast..

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  • Title: Hot Water Springs of Lesvos, Greece
    Descriptive info: Hot Water Springs of Lesvos.. T.. hermi:.. Temperature 49.. 9oC.. Ferruginous.. Radioactivity 0,8 units.. Appropriate for the cure of rheumatism arthritis, kidneys, hardening of the arteries, etc.. Polichnitos:.. Temperature 76-91oC, the hottest in Europe.. Radioactivity 1.. 6-6 units.. Appropriate for the cure of rheumatism, arthritis, gynecological and dermatological infections.. Agios Giannis  ...   2.. 6 units.. Curative for rheumatism, arthritis, gynecological and dermatological infections.. Eftalou of Mithymna (Molivos):.. Temperature 43.. 6-46.. 5oC.. They contain radium and chlorine.. Radioactivity 14.. 7 units.. Appropriate for rheumatism, arthritis, sciatica, neuralgia, gravel, gynecological infections.. Gulf of Gera:.. Temperature 39.. 7oC.. 8 units.. Recommended for rheumatism, arthritis, gravel, bronchitis, etc..

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  • Title: Women of Lesvos (Lesbos) island, Greece - Cooperatives
    Descriptive info: Women of Lesvos island, Greece.. During the last years the cooperative spirit in Lesvos has been developed at a fast rate.. The initiative had been taken from women all over the island.. At first the motives were personal.. It was an outlet for the energetic and talented women, who had been harassed.. They wanted to be occupied with something creative and at the same time they could invade the world of business.. In the past, housekeeping was the main occupation of most women.. Thus by the creation of cooperatives they had the opportunity, as they say, to be out of the house and to cooperate as a team with the same aim.. The idea was good.. These women could do well and they were able to express their talents in a broader perspective than only at home.. Beside the occupation they had, they started, step by step, to see even financial benefits.. At this moment, in the two big islands of the prefecture of Lesvos (Lesvos and Lemnos that is), there are six cooperatives of women.. They are occupied with a variety of projects (from tourism to preparation of traditional sweets).. To understand the activities of cooperatives, it would be better to see each one separately.. COOPERATIVE OF WOMEN IN AGIASOS OF LESVOS:.. It has been founded in 1998.. The cooperation counts 85 members  ...   IN MESOTOPOS:.. It has been founded in 1998 and counts 36 members.. The women are occupied with the preparation of sweets, jams etc.. that can be bought at their specialist shop in Mesotopos.. COOPERATIVE OF WOMEN IN MOLIVOS OF LESVOS:.. It has been founded in 2003 and counts 9 members.. that can be bought at their specialist shop just outside of the town Molivos, on the way to Eftalou.. COOPERATIVE OF WOMEN IN PETRA OF LESVOS:.. It has been founded in 1983 and it is the first cooperative of women in Greece.. At this moment it has 54 members who are renting out rooms for visitors.. They offer home-made breakfast to their tenants and have their own traditional food restaurant.. The women also arrange excursions around the island showing tourists the Greek civilization.. Chairman of the cooperative is Mrs.. Xiotou Helen.. COOPERATIVE OF WOMEN IN PARAKILA:.. It has been founded in 2001 and counts 11 members.. that can be bought at their specialist shop in Parakila.. COOPERATIVE OF WOMEN IN POLINCHITOS OF LESVOS:.. It has been founded in 1997 and counts 30 members from who 15 are active.. The women are occupied with the preparation of sweets, jams and liqueur and also make icons from old wooden and embroideries.. At their specialist shop one can buy scented plants, olives, herbs and salted vine leaves..

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  • Title: The Petrified Forest of Lesvos island, Greece
    Descriptive info: The Petrified Forest of Sigri | Lesvos island, Greece.. Near the Holy Monastery of Hypsylou and in the area of Eressos, one can find the Petrified Forest of Lesvos (or Lesbos).. This natural monument is unique in the whole area of Europe.. On the whole Earth, only in Arizona USA a similar forest is situated but that one is quite smaller and of lesser significance.. In ancient times the Lesvos area has had many active volcanoes and the creation of this monument is related to their activity.. The age of the Petrified Forest is estimated to be around 20.. At that time the area was covered with trees like pine trees, beech trees, plane trees, as well as palm trees, sequoias and other species of flora.. This flora does not grow here any more, either in the European area, or in the area of the Mediterranean Sea..  ...   most of them are still buried into the subsoil.. The broad area of the Petrified Forest occupies 15.. 000 hectares of the western part of Lesvos and has been pronounced by the state as National Forest.. The visiting area is fenced, guarded and offers a unique 2,3 kilometers long stroll among the fossils.. The visitor has the chance to admire this rare geological monument and to have a close look at excellently preserved trees which can be standing like they are still alive or look like trunks fallen on the ground.. In between he will find pieces of petrified leaves and roots everywhere.. No description can accurately be made of the luster of the fossils, their sensational colours, the true grandeur and the wild beauty, but a visit on the site.. This visit can take place just following the central road paved with asphalt, from Eressos to Sigri..

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  • Title: Traditional cooking recipes of Lesvos island
    Descriptive info: Traditional cooking recipes of Lesvos island.. Dips.. Dishes.. Deserts.. Stuffed Pumpkin Flowers.. Mushroom Balls.. Amigdalota Sikaminias.. Aubergine Balls.. Kiskek.. Baklava from Gera.. Choriatiki salad.. Liokafta.. Platzeda.. Chick-peas with meat.. Halvas with syrup.. Stuffed Calamari.. Melomacarona.. Stuffed Lamb.. Beef with green Beans.. Stuffed Pumpkin Flowers:.. Ingredients:.. 25-30 pumpkin flowers, 1/4 kilo of feta cheese, 2 eggs, 1/2 glass of ricotta cheese, salt, pepper, oil for frying.. For the batter: 2 glasses of flour, 1 glass of water, 1 egg and 1/2 tea-spoonful of salt.. Preparation:.. Prepare and wash the pumpkin flowers.. Mash the feta cheese into a bowl, add the ricotta cheese, the 2 eggs and some pepper.. Mix well.. Fill each pumpkin flower with one spoonful from the filling, dip one by one into the batter and fry in hot oil both sides.. Aubergine Balls:.. 2 kilos of aubergines, 2 eggs, 1 cup of crushed rusk bread, 1 spoonful of oregano, 2 spoonfuls of mint, 1 spoonful of salt, 1/2 spoonful of pepper, 5 cloves of garlic, some vinegar, 1 cup of olive oil from Mytilene.. Bake the aubergines and put them through blender.. Put the mixture into a bowl together with the crushed rusk bread and add the rest of the ingredients after they are put through blender as well.. If the mixture is not thick enough add some more crushed rusk bread to it.. Mould into small balls and coat them with flour.. Fry them into hot oil and serve with wine or ouzo from Mytilene.. Mushroom Balls:.. 10 big fresh mushrooms, 1 onion, 4 slices of stale bread soaked in water, 2 eggs, salt, pepper, oregano, cumin, olive oil for frying.. Wash and cut the mushrooms into small pieces.. Salt them and let them dry.. Chop the onion and combine with the soaked bread and the rest of the ingredients into a bowl.. Mould into small balls.. Coat them with flour and fry into hot oil.. They are served with ouzo so you might as well add a small cup of it into the mixture.. Kiskek:.. 1 kilo of wheat (with its husk removed), 1,5 kilo of lamb and real with fat, 1 table spoonful of cumin, 1/2 kilo of butter, 5 onions.. Boil the wheat, then drain it and boil again.. In another saucepan boil the meat with the onions and after you have drained it remove the bones and add with the wheat.. Mash the mixture either with the traditional way kouskouda or in the blender.. Add hot butter to the mixture and serve with cumin.. (the fisherman's favorite dish):.. 1 kilo of fish (i.. e.. mackerel, tuna fish), salt, pepper, oregano.. Clean the fish removing the head, innards and scales.. Open them in half and add salt, pepper and oregano in between.. Tie their tails with a string and hang them to dry into the sun for a day or two (keep away the flies).. Broil them on a well heated grill and after they're cooked evenly coat them with oil and lemon.. Chick-peas with meat:.. 1 kilo of chick-peas, 1 kilo of veal, 1/2 kilo of onions, 1 cup of olive oil, 1/2 kilo of tomato paste, 1 spoonful of soda, 1 tea-spoonful of salt.. Put the peas into lukewarm water and salt to soak overnight.. In the morning strain them and put them in a bowl, mix them with soda.. Allow them to stand in the soda for about half an hour and then wash them with plenty of running water.. Boil them into plenty of water for 1 hour.. Put the meat on to heat with the onions and the oil and turn it so that it browns evenly.. Add water and when the meat is ready (tender).. Put the peas in the meat with the tomato paste and pepper and when they are soft add half spoonful of salt.. Amigdalota (Sugared Almonds) from Sikaminia:.. 1 kilo of almond kernels, 1 kilo of sugar, 3 glasses of water, 1 coffee cup of rose-water, 1/4 kilo of caster sugar.. Boil the almonds so as to remove their skin and let them dry.. Crush them finely.. Put the water and sugar into a saucepan and boil them so as to make a syrup (not too thick) and add  ...   pepper, 1 level tablespoon sugar, a pinch of cinnamon, a good amount of parsley finely chopped black currants and pine nuts (optional).. Wash and clean the calamari by removing the backbone and dice the tentacles.. Rinse the rice and place it in a bowl with the calamari.. Heat the oil through in a large frying pan and brown the diced onions.. When they become transparent, add the calamari tentacles, rice, seasonings, sugar, currants, pine nuts and a small glass of water.. When the water evaporates, remove the pan from the burner and add the chopped parsley.. Stuff the calamari hoods halfway with the stuffing and thread the opening closed with a toothpick.. Place them in a saucepan and cover them with the tomato and let them simmer.. If you have some stuffing left over, peel and dice a tomato and add it with its juice and a little water to the leftover stuffing.. Simmer it until cooked through and use it to garnish the calamari.. You can also add a tablespoon of orange zest to the leftover stuffing.. Stuffed lamb from Mytilene.. The torso of a lamb without the head or legs, the juice of 1 lemon salt pepper, 1 tablespoon olive oil, 2 heaping tablespoons cooking grease, 2 cups rice half of the lamb liver cut into small pieces, 2 large onions diced, 1 medium-sized potato cubed, two slices of bread without the crust cubed, 2 level tablespoons sugar, 2 tablespoons black currants, 2 tablespoons pine nuts, parsley finely chopped, mustard.. Wash the lamb thoroughly and rub it with the lemon juice.. Season it with the salt and pepper.. Stuffing:.. Rinse the rice.. In a deep frying pan heat the olive oil and grease and separately brown the potato cubes, the bread cubes and the liver.. Brown the onions and add the rice.. While they sauté add the browned potato, bread and liver cubes, the currants and the rest of the ingredients.. Sauté the whole mixture and add a small glass of water.. Let it simmer for a few minutes and remove the pan from the burner.. Add the chopped parsley.. Stuff the lamb with the mixture and sew it up using toothpicks or skewers.. Place it in a large roasting pan, spread mustard over the lamb and cover the pan with aluminum foil or grease paper.. Roast it at 100 oC for 5-6 hours.. Then remove the foil of paper, turn the heat up, and cook until brown.. The lamb can also be roasted in a clay baking dish covered at 200 oC for 3 hours.. Beef with Green Beans.. 1 kilo of boneless beef, 1 kilo green beans, 1 1/2 cup olive oil, 2 large onions.. diced, 2 ripe tomatoes peeled and diced (or 1/2 a can diced tomatoes), 1 seasoning cube, 2 cloves of garlic, parsley finely chopped, 1 level teaspoon sugar salt pepper to taste.. Cut the beef into serving portions and sauté it in 1 cup of the olive oil along with the diced onions.. Add tomatoes, cube, seasonings, sugar, parsley, a little water and let it simmer.. Clean the beans, sauté them in the remaining 1/2 cup olive oil and when the beef is about half cooked, add the beans to the meat.. Let the whole mixture simmer until all the water has evaporated.. Traditional Christmas honey biscuits (Melomacarona).. Ingredients (two bratces):.. 2 water glasses olive oil, 1/2 water glass cognac, 1/2 water glass fresh orange juice, 1 water glass sugar, 3 teaspoons baking powder, 1 teaspoon baking soda all - purpose flour.. Beat all the ingredients except the flour and then add as much flour it takes to make the batter manageable (not too runny or too hard) beating after each addition.. Form the batter into finger - length oval shapes and place them on grease paper on baking sheets.. Bake in moderate oven at 200 oC for about an hour.. In the mean time, prepare the syrup by boiling 1 glass of sugar in 2 glasses of water and 2 tablespoons of honey until the sugar dissolves.. When it cools, pour the syrup over the warm biscuits.. If the biscuits have already cooled, then pour warm syrup over them.. Sprinkle them with cinnamon and finely chopped walnuts..

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  • Title: Olive Oil from Lesvos
    Descriptive info: Olive Oil from Lesvos.. INTRODUCTION:.. The first impression the visitor to Lesvos gets is of the island with the bays of olive groves , as Greek laureate Odysseus Elytis describes the vast olive groves that stretch from the hilltops down to the seaside.. The Greek island of Lesvos (the ancient Lesvos), whose capital is the town of Mytilene, lies at the edge of Greece and Europe s geopolitical borders, a mere five nautical miles from the shores of Turkey.. It is a border but also a portal between two countries, two continents and two civilizations.. It has stood the test of time due to the age-long relationship of man and olive tree.. The two are so inextricably intertwined that it is hard to say whether it is man who tamed the olive tree by the sweat of his brow or the olive tree which tempered man by bestowing upon him its valuable gifts.. One might be able to find larger and lasher olive groves in many other places.. But nowhere have people struggled so intently to cultivate the olive tree; and nowhere has the olive tree repaid this struggle so fully as in Lesvos, rewarding its inhabitants with the means for survival, independence from foreign rulers and one of the most important elements of its culture.. When the Great Frost of 1850 destroyed all the olive groves on the island, the inhabitants did not give up hope on their tree.. They imported and planted new, resilient varieties; they carried sacks of soil on their backs up the hill and mountainsides; stone by stone they built the terraces of land to protect the groves.. Thus, they created better olive groves that were ten times bigger than the former ones.. Then they constructed new oil mills and equipped them with extensive machinery imported from England.. And so the treasure of oil they produced brought in money and allowed them to keep their island alive despite being under the yoke of Ottoman Rule.. EARLY BEGINNINGS:.. The story dates back to antiquity when all the islands of the Aegean Sea were dotted with olive trees belonging to the same species of the Olea Euro pea that is cultivated today.. Archaeologists have recently brought to light fossils of olive leaves carbon-dated back 50 - 60 thousand years.. That is the beginning of the saga of olive tree cultivation and man s attempt to understand, tame and benefit from this numinous and precious tree.. It took many thousands of years of pain and experience until man was able to tame the tree, gather its fruit and valuable juice (because that s what olive oil is: the juice of the olive fruit).. Another important discovery was made by an archaeologist who found in the area of Thermi in Lesvos a primitive Bronze Age oil press that dates back to 2800 - 2000 BC.. This primitive oil press is a shallow stone basin in which the oils were crushed.. Lesvos was then colonized by Aeolians who had emigrated from central Greece, whose main occupation was farming.. In the 11th c.. BC the capital of Lesvos, Mytilene, was founded.. From the 8th c.. BC on there was a boom in commerce.. Opening up to the outside world brought riches, new ideas and democracy replaced the aristocracy of landowners.. Lesvos became the hub of arts and letters.. One of the most outstanding poets of all time, Sappho (6th c.. BC) came from Lesvos and in her poems one can discern the ideas of women s liberation and get a sense of the idyllic, natural beauties of the island.. The cultivation of the olive tree had at this time of course also spread to the rest of Greece where it was worshipped and where its branches crowned the winners of the Olympic Games.. Cups of olive oil were the prize of the Panathinea Games.. In contrast to barbarian foods, which come from hunting and root and berry gathering, bread, oil and wine are adopted as the main staples and are elevated to sacred symbols because they are agricultural products processed by man.. Similarly, the symposium, that is, the gathering of people who eat, drink, converse and enjoy themselves together, strictly regulated by dietary, religious and traditional rules, symbolizes the transcendence of basic needs.. During these ancient times wine was Lesvos most celebrated product, but the cultivation of olive trees was steadily rising.. Olive tree leaves are depicted on coins of Mytilene and later, during the reign of Emperor Diocletian (3rd c.. AD) property lists engraved on rocks make mention of olive grove estates built on terraces just as they are today.. In the 3rd c.. AD the olive groves of Lesvos were estimated at 45,000 km2.. Many are the finds of ancient oil mill remains on the island.. No one, however, quite seems to comprehend the relation between these ancient oil mills and the places of worship of later times.. The chiseled stones of the ancient mills are usually discovered in the ruins of churchyards.. Perhaps the olive tree across time has been symbolically identified with the divine, independent of current religious practices, be they paganistic or Christian.. What is known is that the techniques and means for pressing the olive have remained virtually unchanged through the ages.. There are two stages of processing.. The first is the crushing of the olive with moving stones (millstones) which rotate on a fixed base.. At first the millstones were lens-shaped, the outer surface being concave and the inner straight.. They rotated in the groove of the basin on a wooden axle powered by domestic beasts or humans.. Later the millstones became cone-shaped with a hole in the middle and during the 19th century, cylindrical.. The second stage of processing, the pressing of the olive, did not change from the Mycenaean era up until the 20th century.. The olive pulp is placed in horsehair bags, which are stacked on a stone plaque.. A wooden screw on wooden beams is tightened and presses the bags, which the workers flush with hot water.. Then the oil and the water separate and behold the oil!.. HARD TIMES:.. The flourishing of Lesvos was followed by centuries of decline and slavery.. The island s economy had already received a great blow by the Persian war.. This has followed by the break with Athens, the continual plundering by pirates and Roman Rule.. By the time of the Byzantine era, the island, which had become a place of exile for the personae non gratae, was a mere shadow of its former illustrious self.. Since the 11th century Lesvos had attracted the attention of the Italian merchants who had gained privileges with the 1261 Treaty.. In 1355 the Genoese nobleman and merchant Francesco Gattelusi met by chance the fugitive Emperor John V Paleologus and helped him gain back the throne from his usurper John Cantacuzenus.. As a reward the merchant received the emperor s sister in marriage and the whole island of Lesvos as dowry.. For the next 100 years the island economy flourished and the foundations of today s olive groves were laid.. The Gattelusi family saw great commercial progress and they encouraged the cultivation of the olive tree.. THE GREAT FROST:.. January 10, 1850 was a significant date in the history of the olive tree of Lesvos.. It was preceded by 40 days of rain and warm southerly winds.. The olive trees were deceived into thinking spring had arrived.. Suddenly that night, the thermometer dropped to -8o C.. The warm and damp skin of the olive fruit frosted over and burst.. The olive groves of Lesvos were completely destroyed.. In addition, all the domestic animal died and the people were left helpless the face of this catastrophe.. The only solution for many was to emigrate.. They went to foreign lands, worked and progressed, but they did not forget their homeland.. Thus, many returned after making their fortunes elsewhere and infused new life into the veins of the wounded isle.. The people who had remained threw themselves into the hard work that had to be done.. They chopped down the destroyed trees and in makeshift kilns made charcoal which they sold all over the Mediterranean up to the shores of the Russia.. In the spring of 1850 green shoots sprouted from the few trees that had survived the frost, but there were no olives to be harvested and no oil to be pressed.. It was then that they took the great decision of replanting all of Lesvos with new trees.. They brought in new varieties, the kolovi and the adramytiani , which were more resilient to the cold.. New fields were sown.. They carried soil up the mountainsides on their backs and on the backs of their beasts of burden.. Stonemasons from northern Greece arrived to build terraces on the sides of the mountains to hold the soil.. The olive groves with their young, vital trees grew to be ten times bigger than the original ones, reaching a total of 450,000 Km2.. The 1850 catastrophe brought about the rebirth of the island and man repaid the olive tree for all it had offered him over the centuries.. it was the beginning of a new age.. THE GOLDEN AGE:.. During the following decades the economy of Lesvos saw an upward swing and the island became a hub of social, political and cultural activity.. There were many reasons for this:  ...   to be all the islanders main occupation as well as their main topic of conversation.. What will olive oil production be like this year? is the question on everyone s lips.. The average annual production is approximately 20,000 tons, with quite severe fluctuations, however, depending on weather conditions.. Eleven million olive trees cover 450 thousand km2, that is, 79% of the arable land and 28% of the total area of the island.. The varieties that were planted after the Great Frost still flourish: 65% of the trees are of the kolovi variety and 30% the adramytiani.. These 11 million trees correspond to 87,000 inhabitants, which translates to 126 olive trees per inhabitant, which is far higher ratio than can be found in any other place in the world.. In the rest of Greece the ratio is 9.. 5 per person, in Italy 3.. 0 and in Spain 5.. 4.. There is not a local of Mytilene, regardless of occupation, who does not also have some olive trees, even if they produce just enough oil for the family whose children are perhaps studying or who have married and moved to Athens.. Indeed, emigration is one of the island s greatest problems.. The population has dwindled from 120,000 in the 1950s to 87,000 today.. Another problem is that almost half the olive groves are located in mountainous or hilly regions, often far from roads.. The only way to reach them is by donkey or on foot, making the gathering of the olives arduous and fatiguing, as they usually must be handpicked, aided only slightly by portable thrashing appliances.. Of course this implies that the olive oil produced contains all the benefits of the most natural and pure agricultural product, but it costs more than oil extracted from expansive, flat olive tree groves, which allow for cultivating and gathering the olives with industrialised means.. This can be confirmed by the types of fertilizers used.. The traces of nitrogen per root in Lesvos does not exceed 100 gr.. , a quantity that is much lower than quantities measured in other types of groves.. The same applies for pesticides and weed killers.. Another feature that contributes to the high quality of the Olive Oil of Lesvos is the large number of modern oil presses and small-scale farmers.. These two factors mean that the fruit is crushed immediately and that the owner of the olives, the farmer, is present when they are crushed and pressed and carefully watches over every stage of the procedure, ensuring the high quality of his/her olive oil.. Of the 73 oil presses in Lesvos, 41 belong to agricultural co-operatives, three to the local authorities and 29 to private owners.. Of course steam-powered oil presses became obsolete at the turn of the century, but many of these have been salvaged and have been transformed into small museums, which also operate as cultural centers where conferences are often held.. Almost all of the olive oil producers are organized in agricultural co-operatives, which combined form a Union.. The roots of unionization in Lesvos go back to the 1920s when, despite the large production of olive oil, the working conditions for the small-scale farmers were appalling: long working hours and daily wages that amounted to two-three liters of oil.. This is why, after Lesvos ceded to Greece, the union gained power under the free Greek nation and grew stronger than many other places.. The foundation of the first co-operative oil mills necessitated a general mobilization in order to secure the necessary capital.. Naturally when the co-operatives opened, it was a day of joy and celebration and a ray of hope for the future of the islanders.. Olive oil is no longer stored in barrels as it used to be.. The network of co-operative oil mills, the union, as well as many of the privately owned oil mills have an adequate number of vats so that the oil is stored under optimal conditions after it is pressed.. Special tank trucks transport the oil either to the packaging units on the island or to other units in the rest of Greece through dealers and merchants.. Large quantities of olive oil are exported mainly to Italy and recently to Spain as well.. The sale of unpackaged oil is carried out either through direct negotiation or through open auctions.. Of the five packaging units on the island, two are co-operative and three privately owned.. They are fully equipped and staffed to package the olive oil in 5-litre (or smaller) tin drums or one-liter (or smaller) glass bottles.. Quality control is particularly tight and is facilitated by the fact that all the packaged olive oils are local and the oil mill and even the olive grove from which the olives originate are known.. There are also two olive oil mills for the production olive pit oil as well as units which cure and package table olives.. Unfortunately the production of olive oil soap, which used to be very popular, is limited, as the use of detergents has become more widespread.. Due to the particular conditions prevailing in the olive groves of Lesvos one could say that the olive oil should automatically be labeled as organic.. Yet, there have been organized attempts to produced certified organic olive oil under E.. U.. regulation 2092/91.. In particular, there is a large farm of approximately 1400 acres, one-third of which is oil groves.. Today it is run as a self-sufficient ecosystem in which the fields and grove are fertilized by the manure of the farm animals.. After five years of olive oil production, it is now fully certified as organically produced olive oil, which is packaged on the premises.. It is hoped that other producers will follow suit in the production of organic olive oil.. The meaning and aim of establishing products with a Protected Designation of Origin or Geographical Indication could find no better application than in Lesvos.. Indeed, Lesvos Virgin Olive Oil has been officially recognized under E.. regulation 1107/96 as a product with a Protected Geographical Indication.. The particular quality of Lesvos Virgin Olive Oil is determined by the weather conditions, the grade of soil, the climate, and the olive tree varieties as well as by the human factor.. It is an unbeatable combination that T.. Paraskevaidis describes as follows: From the tormented olive tree trunks springs the history of our island.. The olive trees are laden with our own human voices:.. For the outsider, but keen observer, this story signifies what Elytis tried to say,.. You will give me, the traveler, a place to stay.. laying on the tablecloth bread.. olives and your conscience.. THE CHEMICAL STRUCTURE AND BEHAVIOR OF THE OLIVE OIL OF LESVOS:.. Virgin olive oil is a natural oleaginous substance of a complex structure, an exclusive result of the Mediterranean natural environment.. The manner it is produced (crushing the olive fruit and pressing the oil from the olive pulp) allows it to have the name Olive juice , as it bears the taste, aroma and composition of the olive.. The particular features of the Olive Oil of Lesvos have been officially recognized by the European Union and it has been registered as a product with a Geographical Indication.. In a breakdown of the composition of Virgin Olive Oil of Lesvos it is important to make a distinction between macro-ingredients (~ 99%) and micro-ingredients (~ 1%).. Included in the macro-ingredients are the fatty acids, which are mainly present in the form of triglycerides.. Their composition depends on the variety of olive oil tree, the main ones cultivated in Lesvos being the kolovi and the adramytiani.. The micro-ingredients include Vitamin E, phenolic and polyphenolic compounds (coloring substances with intense antioxidant activity), sterols, alcohols, coloring agents (carotenoid substances, small quantities of chlorophyll), squalene etc.. number of factors come into play in determining the quality of the Virgin Olive Oil of Lesvos: less than 1.. 0% acidity for labeling it as Extra Virgin and less than 2% for Virgin Olive Oil; the K270 and K232 factors (lower than 0.. 20 and 2.. 50 respectively); the number of hyper oxides (less than 20) and the degree of organoleptic value which usually ranges from 6.. 5 to 9.. It is worth noting that up to today no sample of Virgin Olive Oil from Lesvos, wherever it may have been tasted, has shown traces of pesticicides, which is another indication of the high quality of this oil.. Chemical analyses to certify the quality of the oil are carried out on a regular basis by all the packaging units on the island and of course by state quality control services.. Thus, the following macroscopic and organoleptic features can be found in the Olive Oil of Lesvos:.. A liquid texture (low glutinosity - smooth taste) which is due to its relatively high level of unsaturates, as can be seen in the breakdown of the fatty acids.. The more saturated fats an oil contains, the thicker it is; while the higher the degree for unsaturated fats, the higher the liquidity.. A golden light color, which is due to the low content of chlorophyll, a green coloring agent found in vegetables.. It has been established that chlorophyll speeds up the oxidation of olive oil when it is exposed to light.. The low content of chlorophyll in the Olive Oil of Lesvos keeps the oil from going rancid.. The distinctive aroma and taste of the Aegean olive..

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  • Title: Ouzo drink of Lesvos island, Greece
    Descriptive info: Ouzo of Lesvos.. From the ancient years until today, the human, trying to create drinks with alcohol, was using scented herbals, fruits, roots, flowers and seeds, at start with extract and fermentation, and later with distillation, with final purpose to feel enjoyment, relaxation and drunkenness.. However some distilled products showed and in the Arabian world, the Byzantine culture of Constantinople (Istanbul), the Greek element of Alexandria and Smirni.. The depositions of famous coppersmiths from Armenia and the Pont, who made nice decorated distilling vessels, confirmed the deep knowledge of distillation in all the Byzantine empire.. Plus all that, the blessing ground of Minor Asia and Thrace, gave a perfect material, where dominated grapes and figs, the same time that the cultivation of anise in Lesvos and Limnos and the production of.. masti.. c in Chios, consisted the necessary elements for the production of.. raki.. Those professionals , called also.. rakitzides.. , because they were producing a drink, distilled product from grapes raki sharing with anise, scented herbals or mastic, which succeeded , after the period where drink was not allowed in Turkey, to conquer the well-off class of Ottoman empire, giving to the best rakitzides special privileges.. As it was expected, the quick spreading of that drink, challenged the provisional deficiency of alcohol , and soon the solution in that productive problem, gave the French and Russian clean alcohol.. However the ease which somebody could produce a drink of that kind, mixing that clean alcohol with water, created quality problems, because the final product wasn t distilled product but simple mixed.. For that reason in Smirni and Constantinople ports, in every receipt of clean alcohol, they were adding a colored substance, fact that obliged the payee in obligatory distillation before the use.. So, with that way, created.. ouzo.. , which went about for many decayed in many Greek areas, with the old name raki.. It s name became from the alteration of customs term.. giouzo.. , which means for use and it s believed that it becomes from the Italian expression OUZO MASSALIA which means for use in Massalia, where the first charges directed.. That inscription escorted parcels with raki which destined in areas out of the borders of Ottoman empire.. With the destroy of Minos Asia, rakitzides coming in Greece, where, mostly in Lesvos the distilling companies grew up rapidly.. The emulation between  ...   is consisting of three parts.. The main trunk (a vessel where we put clean alcohol, anise and other herbals for distillation), and the bow (a corridor where the steam will pass through), which drives in a cooling pot (an external pipe in the same diameter with the bow, which has cold water, and an interior pipe with the steam, which liquefied is transforming in distilling).. The facts about ouzo?.. It s the drink which is discerned from a pleasant aggressive that balances their scents, bringing revolution in senses and giving the sweet remembrance and glee of every peculiar time in life.. Just four years ago, the admirable actions of some people, helped in fortifying ouzo, tsipouro, tsikoudia and the distillation of Corinthian currant, as exclusive Greek products.. During the turbulent life of our island, ouzo accompanies peasants and coastals in every moment of their life, giving them power, happiness, courage and hope for a better future.. However ouzo, which is certified the drink of revolution and freedom , demands discipline at the time of drinking it, and attention in the way you drink it.. A good and balanced ouzo, may contents until 46% alcohol, to be able to travel all over the world, unaffected from the climate and to be strong against the affection of the time, keeping its aroma and the flavor.. We often observe, that when we add some ice or some water in ouzo its color becomes white like milk.. This phenomenon is the result of binding anithole, one aromatic substance which anise have, and it s considering as a sign of high quality.. Ouzo with anise, is drinking straight, or with ice, accompanied with nuts, but mostly accompanied with traditional snacks as appetizer.. So the flavor of anise comes out, the composition of the drink getting bigger, and the taste is getting softer and all the senses are charming.. The product of this Greek drink, that it has identified with Greek soul, hospitality, the sea and the blue sky, is a difficult and interesting art.. The technique of distillation has a lot of agonies and great expectations.. Actually, the procedure until a glass of ouzo comes at your lips, is long.. However the satisfaction that you ll feel after that, will efface the tiredness of the big try which strived until that moment, from our distillers, the artists of senses..

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  • Title: Useful Contacts for Lesvos
    Descriptive info: Useful Contacts for Lesvos.. Greek National Tourism Organisation (G.. N.. T.. O.. ): 30-22510-42511.. Chamber of Commerce: 30-22510-28431.. EURO.. - WEB Services:.. 30-6944-946-884.. Olympic Airways: 30-22510-28660.. N.. L.. (Ferry-Boats): 30-22510-22220.. Busses: 30-22510-28873.. Tourist Police: 30-22510-22776.. Port Police: 30-22510-28888.. Emergencies: 100.. Ambulance: 166.. Fire Brigade: 199.. Mytilene's General Hospital: 30-22510-43777.. Plomari's Emergency Hospital: 30-22520-32113.. Kalloni's Emergency Hospital: 30-22530-22222.. Polychnitos' Emergency Hospital: 30-22520-41111.. Antissa's Emergency Hospital: 30-22530-56442..

    Original link path: /contacts.htm
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